Leveraging Java and Golang in the Development of Automated Vehicles

by Hasham Tauhidi
5 minutes read
March 30, 2021


The automotive industry is undergoing a transformative shift with the advent of automated vehicles, commonly known as self-driving cars. These vehicles rely on cutting-edge software to navigate, make real-time decisions, and ensure passenger safety. Two programming languages, Java and Golang (or Go), have gained prominence in the development of automated vehicles due to their unique features and capabilities. In this blog post, we will explore the applications and advantages of using Java and Golang in the development of autonomous vehicles.

Java in Automated Vehicles

  1. Robustness and Reliability:
    Java is renowned for its robustness and reliability. In the context of automated vehicles, where safety is paramount, Java‘s ability to catch errors at compile time and its strict type system play a crucial role. This ensures that the codebase is less prone to bugs and crashes.
  2. Platform Independence:
    Java‘s write once, run anywhere philosophy allows developers to write code that can run on different platforms without modification. This is advantageous for the automotive industry, as it enables the development of cross-compatible software that can work on various hardware configurations.
  3. Real-time Capabilities:
    Modern automated vehicles require real-time processing of data from sensors, cameras, and LIDAR systems. Java, with libraries like Real-Time Specification for Java (RTSJ), can provide real-time capabilities, making it suitable for processing time-sensitive data.
  4. Ecosystem and Libraries:
    Java has a vast ecosystem of libraries and tools that can expedite the development process. Libraries like Apache Kafka for data streaming and Apache Camel for integration are particularly useful in building sophisticated communication systems within automated vehicles.

Golang (Go) in Automated Vehicles

  1. High Performance:
    Golang is known for its exceptional performance, making it an excellent choice for applications where speed is critical. In the context of automated vehicles, Go can efficiently handle data processing and decision-making tasks, ensuring quick response times.
  2. Concurrency:
    Go was designed with concurrency in mind. Automated vehicles require handling multiple tasks simultaneously, such as sensor data processing, route planning, and control systems. Go‘s goroutines and channels simplify concurrent programming, making it easier to manage these tasks efficiently.
  3. Safety and Memory Management:
    Go‘s memory management and garbage collection help prevent memory leaks and reduce the risk of system crashes. In the automotive industry, where safety is paramount, Go‘s memory safety features are highly advantageous.
  4. Minimalistic Syntax:
    Go‘s simple and minimalistic syntax makes it easier to read, write, and maintain code. This is particularly important in the development of safety-critical software for automated vehicles, as it reduces the chances of coding errors.


The development of automated vehicles represents a significant leap in the automotive industry, requiring advanced software solutions to ensure safety, reliability, and performance. Java and Golang (Go) have emerged as powerful programming languages that cater to different aspects of autonomous vehicle development.

Java‘s robustness, platform independence, and real-time capabilities make it suitable for building reliable and cross-compatible systems. Its extensive ecosystem of libraries further accelerates development.

On the other hand, Golang excels in high-performance, concurrent processing, memory management, and code simplicity. These qualities are indispensable for handling the data-intensive and real-time requirements of automated vehicles.

Ultimately, the choice between Java and Golang depends on the specific needs of the project and the development team‘s expertise. In many cases, a combination of both languages may be employed to leverage their respective strengths. Regardless of the choice, both Java and Golang play crucial roles in shaping the future of automated vehicles, making them safer, smarter, and more efficient than ever before.

Written By
Hasham Tauhidi

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